What advancements have been made in the United States in terms of the rights for women and African Americans since the 1960s?
Advancements in the United States were seen in two major categories. In the early 1900's, women finally began to receive the right to vote. Despite this, they still lacked equality in work and pay. With the introduction of birth control in the 1960's, a large change was seen for women. It gave them the option whether they wanted to be a mother or to not have children and pursue a full time job. Even though women's rights were increasing, they were still not completely equal. Women made only 64% of what men were making in the workplace. In 1966, in attempt to prohibit any discriminations against women, the National Organization for women strived for the Equal Rights bill to be amended - Resulting in an increase in rights. During this time, african americans were also competing for equal rights. Earlier in the 1860s, they were freed from slavery by the United States but they still didn't receive equal rights. Then later on in 1954, the Supreme Court desegregated schools, followed by other public areas as well. John F. Kennedy later attempted to bring equality with the introduction of the Civil Rights Bill. This bill brought in the first political instance of equality between the races.
who attempted equality; he passed Kennedy's Civil Rights bill, created VISTA and out lawed the literacy test needed to vote.
Outline the steps that brought about the end of the system of apartheid in South Africa in the 1990s?
After the apartheid came to an end in the 1990's, a number of steps were taken along the way. The all-white National Party comes to power in 1948. The whites made up only 15% of the population yet they owned over 87% of the land. The Whites introduced an Apartheid which was a doctrine of white supremacy. Once it was created Non-white South Africans were restricted and could no longer: Marry outside of their own race, choose where to live or travel where they like. It also forced the non-whites to live on Brutustans, which were enforced by the army and police force. The African National Congress wanted to create a non-racial democracy. The National party portrayed the ANC as a communist organization in order to shut them down. Nelson Mandela became the leader of the African National Congress and was later arrested in 1964. After he was released in 1994, he was later elected as the first black President of South Africa. In 1953 the UN condemned the apartheid system and continued to oppose it. In the 1980's they finally put an end and declared the apartheid to be a crime against humanity.
What were the steps that Gandhi used in order to help India secure independence from Great Britain?
During the early 1900's, India was a British colony that had very little self rule. In 1919, India went through a shift in power known as the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms. It was as a result of this that india gained alittle control over some aspects of their country. But it was Mohandas Gandhi that expanded this control they had over their country and secured independence. Mohandas Gandhi was the leader of the Indian Congress Party. He introduced a style of protest called pacifism that was a non-violent type of resistance. In 1930 this type of resistance came into act as Gandhi began the "Salt March". During this march, he walked 240 miles to get salt from the British. Although the march lasted from March 12 to April 6th, it drew support from across India and the world. As a result, Gandhi was arrested and put in jail.